Introduction to argumentation
A scientific argument uses evidence to make a case for whether a scientific idea should be accepted or rejected. The process of developing, discussing and evaluating these scientific arguments is called argumentation.
Read the Quick start guide while preparing to use the argumentation teaching resources. It provides an overview of what argumentation means in the context of a practical science lesson.
A further six sections provide information on specific areas essential to using the argumentation approach successfully.
A research summary was produced at the start of the project. It examines the evidence relating to argumentation, the implications for using this approach in lessons which include practical work, and suggested interventions.