Enabling students to understand and analyse contemporary issues in science and technology

Weblinks for the germ theory of disease

Here is a weblink for a short audio-file narration of the Semmelweis story.

There is a very good site about John Snow, from UCLA Department of Epidemiology with maps and background information.

Historical documents on cholera in 19th C, with questions.
http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/victorianbritain/pdf/healthy.pdf

The Nobel Prize site has a section on Robert Koch.

Look at the St Louis Community College web site which gives a history of microbiology, the development of the techniques needed to study micro-organisms and the understanding of the germ theory of disease. It has links to other relevant sites.

An important contribution to the development of germ theory was made when the theory of spontaneous generation of life was disproved by Pasteur and others. you can find details of Pasteur’s experiment disproving spontaneous generation here.

Very useful historical information and questions are included in Schools' History Project book Medicine and Health through Time; Ian Dawson and Ian Coulson; published by Hodder-Murray.

A Science Museum site on the history of medicine, including a useful timeline and many images and short histories.
http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife.aspx

Development of vaccination

The Jenner Museum in Gloucestershire has an illustrated site explaining Jenner’s work.

A script for a simple drama explaining the key points in Pasteur’s work on chicken cholera and anthrax.

An historical survey of vaccination with graphs showing its impact on health in the UK. http://nfs.unipv.it/nfs/minf/dispense/immunology/immun.html

A book review of ‘The Private Science of Louis Pasteur’ tells of his achievements but also describes his weaknesses and dishonesty, explaining the Toussaint episode and the risks he took with the rabies vaccine.

A summary of some of the key social influences on the cooperation and rivalry between Koch and Pasteur for th eSchools Hisotory Project for GCSE history
http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/medicine/pasteurkoch.html

A distressing 90 second video clip of a child with rabies.

Microbes and Men by Robert Reid published by the BBC in 1974 provides a readable account of most of the important developments (ISBN 0 563 12469 5).

Pasteur in The Nature of Science series from the Association for Science Education is a useful booklet.